Sample bar chart #2

Task 

The chart below shows the total number of minutes (in billions) of telephone calls in the UK, divided into three categories, from 1995-2002.

Write a description of the chart by summarizing and reporting the main features.

You should spend 20 minutes on this task.

OUTLINE

Intro: Paraphrase the task.

Overview:

  • local - fixed lines were the most popular type
  • mobile calls were least popular

Data 1

  • In 1995:
    • local lines: >70 billion
    • national & international lines: half of that
    • mobiles: <4 billion
  • 4 years later: all increased

Data 2:

  • In 1995:
    • local lines peaked 
    • other two types rose
  • In 2002:
    • national & international lines passed 60 billion
    • mobiles: 45 billion

SAMPLE ANSWER

The bar chart compares the amount of time spent by people in the UK on three different types of phone call between 1995 and 2002.

It is clear that calls made via local, fixed lines were the most popular type, in terms of overall usage, throughout the period shown. The lowest figures on the chart are for mobile calls, but this category also saw the most dramatic increase in user minutes.

In 1995, people in the UK used fixed lines for a total of just over 70 billion minutes for local calls, and about half of that amount of time for national or international calls. By contrast, mobile phones were only used for around 4 billion minutes. Over the following four years, the figures for all three types of phone call increased steadily.

By 1999, the amount of time spent on local calls using landlines had reached a peak at 90 billion minutes. Subsequently, the figure for this category fell, but the rise in the other two types of phone call continued. In 2002, the number of minutes of national / international landline calls passed 60 billion, while the figure for mobiles rose to around 45 billion minutes.

Word count: 197, written by Simon IELTS

Sample diagram #2

Task

The diagram below shows the production of electricity using a system called Ocean Thermal Energy Conversion (OTEC).

Write a description of the process by summarizing and reporting the main features.

You should spend 20 minutes on this task.

USEFUL LANGUAGE

  • gathering (n) : the process or activity of collecting something
  • dispose of (v) : to get rid of something
  • ascend (v) : [formal] to go up
  • power (v) : to give a machine or vehicle power
  • generate (v) : to produce power
  • descend (v) : [formal] to go down

OUTLINE

Introduction: paraphrase the task

Overview: 

  • 2 stages: gather water & produce electricity
  • water is also disposed of

Stage 1

  • warm water is heated
  • water is evacuated in the evaporation chamber
  • vapor turns into drinking water

Stage 2:

  • salt remaining will join with cold water
  • all is removed out of the system

SAMPLE ANSWER

The given diagram illustrates how electricity is produced via a system known as Ocean Thermal Energy Conversion (OTEC).

Overall, there are two stages involved, from the gathering of sea water to the production of electricity, and the side product: water. Waste is also carefully disposed of.

In the first stage, warm sea water (29º) near the surface will flow past a tube, where it will be heated by solar energy. As it enters an evaporation chamber, vapor will be evacuated and will ascend to power a turbine, which in turns generates electricity. Subsequently, the vapor continues through a pipe that leads to a condensing chamber hidden underground where it turns into drinking water for public consumption.

The salt that remains after the evaporation process will descend to join with cold water, which enters this system from 500m undersea. All will be removed via a pipe that leads waste out of the system.

Word count: 152, written by Mr. Bui Duc Tien.

Sample line graph #3

Task

The graph below shows four countries of residence of overseas students in Australia.

Write a description of the process by summarizing and reporting the main features.

You should spend 20 minutes on this task.

LANGUAGE

  • overseas students = student studying abroad
  • overseas students in Australia = students residing/living in Australia

 

OUTLINE

Introduction: paraphrase the task 

 

Overview: 

  • all experienced an upward trend
  • Hong Kong had the most students staying in Australia 

Data 1: 1982-1988

  • compare the students number  in 1982: Malaysia highest & others followed (no Singaporean students)
  • how this number changed after 8 years: all increased except for that of Singapore

Data 2:  1988-2000

  • Australia witnessed an increase in the figure of all four countries
  • Hong Kong reached a peak in 2000, followed by other countries.

SAMPLE ANSWER

The given line graph presents information on the number of overseas students residing in Australia over an eighteen-year period from 1982 to 2000.

Overall, it can be noticed that the numbers of students from Indonesia, Hong Kong, Malaysia and Singapore all experienced an upward trend, and Hong Kong had the most students staying in Australia toward the end of the period.

According to the graph, the number of students from Malaysia in 1982 was 5 thousand, considerably higher than those from Malaysia and Hong Kong (both at one thousand). Noticeably, there were no Singaporean students in Australia in this year. Over the next 8 years, Australia still did not have any students from Singapore, while the number of students from the other three countries increased.

After 1988, Australia witnessed an upshot in the number of overseas students from all four countries, with Hong Kong reaching a peak of 24 thousand in 2000. Singapore followed closely at 20 thousand, and Indonesia and Malaysia had 18 and 16 thousand overseas students coming to Australia in this year.

Word count: 175, written by Mr. Bui Duc Tien

Sample line graph #2

Task 

The graph below gives information from a 2008 report about consumption of energy in the USA since 1980 with projections until 2030.

Write a description of the process by summarizing and reporting the main features.

You should spend 20 minutes on this task.

 

USEFUL LANGUAGE

  • the consumption of energy = energy consumption
  • the amount/quantity of energy consumption
  • the most/least popular/favorite/used type of energy

OUTLINE

Introduction: paraphrase the task 

Overview: 

  • all increased but hydropower
  • petrol and oil consumed most

Data 1: 1980 - 2010

  • compare consumption in 1980: petrol and oil highest & others follow
  • show how consumption changed after 30 years: all increased except for hydropower

Data 2: 2010 - 2030: 

  • petrol and oil and coal continue to rise
  • natural gas will decrease
  • others remain the least used

SAMPLE ANSWER

The given line graph demonstrates the results of a 2008 report on energy consumption in the USA from 1980, with projections to 2030.

As can be easily noticed in the graph, all types of energy experienced an upward trend in consumption except for hydropower, and petrol and oil was the most favorite source of energy.

It is obvious that in 1980, petrol and oil consumption was the highest at 35 quadrillion units, followed by coal and natural gas at 20 and 16 quadrillion units. Nuclear, solar/wind energy and hydropower were considerably low in consumption at only 4 quadrillion. Over the next 30 years, there were fluctuations in the consumption of all types of energy, all in an upward direction, except for hydropower, which came to a plateau at 4 quadrillion.

After 2010, according to the graph, petrol and oil is expected to rise significantly toward the end of the period, peaking at 47 quadrillion units. Coal will possibly experience the same trend and reach 30 quadrillion units. Natural gas is speculated to level off at 25 quadrillion until 2030. By contrast, it is expected that the three remaining energy sources will continue to be the least used in the future.

Word count: 200, written by Mr. Bui Duc Tien

Sample bar chart #1

Task 

The chart below shows the different levels of post-school qualifications in Australia and the proportion of men and women who held them in 1999.

Write a description of the process by summarizing and reporting the main features.

You should spend 20 minutes on this task.

bar chart #1

USEFUL LANGUAGE

  • qualifications, degree
  • have a degree: hold, own, achieve, attain, possess

OUTLINE

Introduction: Paraphrase the task.

Overview:

  • men & women same number of bachelor's degree
  • men more degrees toward higher education

Data 1:

  • vocational
  • post-graduate diploma
  • master's degree

Data 2:

  • undergraduate diploma
  • bachelor's degree

SAMPLE ANSWER

The given bar chart compares post-school qualifications held by Australian males and females in 1999.

Overall, it can be easily seen that nearly as many as many men as women had a bachelor's degree, and men tended to possess a larger number of higher education qualifications than their female counterparts.

According to the chart, nearly 95% of males obtained a vocational qualification, while a mere 10% of the female population did. Concerning the postgraduate diploma, nearly three times as many males owned this degree (75%) compared to women. The higest post-graduate degree in the chart, the Master's degree, was prevalent amongst 60% of males, followed by females at 40%.

By contrast, the chart also indicates that twice as many females (70%) as males could achieve an undergraduate diploma. In terms of the bachelor's degree, however, the percentages of degree-holders for males and females are approximately equal, at 48% and 50% respectively.

Word count: 151, written by Mr. Bui Duc Tien

Sample line graph #1

Task 

The graph below shows the consumption of fish and some different kinds of meat in a European country between 1979 and 2004.

Write a description of the process by summarizing and reporting the main features.

You should spend 20 minutes on this task.

line graph #1

USEFUL LANGUAGE

  • the consumption of fish = fish consumption
  • the amount/quantity of fish consumption
  • the amount/quantity of fish consumed
  • fish experienced a rise in consumption
  • fish consumption experienced a rise
  • the most/least popular/favorite food/ meat

OUTLINE

Introduction: paraphrase the task 

Overview: 

  • all increased but chicken
  • chicken eaten most

Data 1: 1979-1989

  • compare consumption in 1979: fish lowest & others higher
  • show how consumption changed after 10 years: beef and lamb decreased, others increased

Data 2: toward 2004

  • compare changes in consumption: chicken increased, others dropped 

SAMPLE ANSWER

The given line graph illustrates the consumption of four types of food in a European country from 1979 to 2004.

Overall, it can be easily noticed that all types of food experienced a downward trend in consumption except for chicken, and chicken was also the most eaten food toward end of the period.

As can be seen in the graph, in 1979 fish consumption stood at slightly over 50 grams/person/day, the lowest of all four types. The amounts of chicken and lamb consumed were higher at around 150 grams, and beef was the most consumed at 220 grams. Over the next 10 years, there are some fluctuations to the consumption trends of beef and lamb, but in a downward direction. Fish also underwent a slight decrease. In contrast, chicken consumption rose dramatically by 50 grams/person/week.

Also discernible from the graph, chicken continued to experience a climb in consumption toward the end of the period, peaking at more than 250 grams in 2004. By comparison, beef and lamb consumption dropped considerably to 130 and 50 grams respectively, and fish remained the least favorite choice of food. 

Word count: 185, written by Mr. Bui Duc Tien

Sample diagram #1

Task

The diagrams show a structure that is used to generate electricity from wave power.

Write a description of the process by summarizing and reporting the main features.

You should spend 20 minutes on this task.

diagram 1

OUTLINE

Introduction: paraphrase the task

Overview: 

  • wave power
  • major components

Stage 1

  • location of structure -> slope
  • sea water comes in -> air goes up
  • air spins turbine -> electricity 

Stage 2:

  • water gets out -> air goes down
  • air spins turbine again -> electricity
  • process repeated

SAMPLE ANSWER

The given diagrams demonstrate how electricity is produced from tidal power using a special structure.

Generally, the generation of electricity relies on wave power, and the major parts of the structure include a turbine and a water-containing chamber.

As the structure is constructed by the side of a cliff or sea wall, there is a slope where the air from the chamber will move up through an upright column as sea water enters the chamber. The chamber itself is large enough to take in sufficient amounts of water, and the pressure from this will push the air up forcefully, spinning the turbine located in the middle of the column. This in turn produces electricity.

As tides retreat, they push the the air to move in the opposite direction. As air descends the column, it once again operates the turbine. The process is repeated all over again, and will keep on generating electricity as long as waves move in and out of the chamber continuously.

Word count: 164, written by Mr. Bui Duc Tien.